A Socialist Approach to Ecological Civilization

The relationship between man and nature is a basic relationship. Marxism holds that human beings have to rely on nature to survive, and interact with nature as they produce, live and develop. The Chinese civilization emphasizes that heaven, earth and human are an integrated whole, and that people should observe the laws of nature, and take from nature at the proper time and to the proper extent.

The socialist approach to ecological civilization is rooted in traditional Chinese culture, and the decades of practice of the CPC and the Chinese people. It represents their deeper understanding of the relationship between man and nature, as they adapt Marxism to China's realities and develop Chinese socialism.

The CPC has attached great importance to building an eco-civilization. Since People's Republic was founded in 1949, in the course of leading the people in eliminating poverty, developing the economy, and advancing modernization in the primary stage of socialism, the CPC central leadership of different generations have followed the laws governing human progress, paid attention to the relationship between man and nature, and devoted great efforts to eco-environmental protection and ecological conservation.

In the early days of the People's Republic, they launched a nationwide campaign to plant trees and build water conservancy projects. After the reform and opening up era began, they adopted resource conservation and environmental protection as a basic national policy, initiated a legal system on eco-environmental protection, and included a strategy on sustainable development in China's long-term plan for economic and social development to balance economic development with the population, resources and the environment.

Ecological conservation was highlighted with relevant goals in the report to the CPC's 17th National Congress held in 2007. Since its 18th National Congress in 2012, the CPC has introduced a number of new ideas, concepts and strategies related to eco-civilization, and included eco-civilization in its Five-sphere Integrated Plan and Four-pronged Comprehensive Strategy. Believing that lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets, the CPC has written this idea into the report to its 19th National Congress in 2017 and the amended Constitution of the Communist Party of China.

Promoting ecological progress is vital to sustain the Chinese nation's development. The modernization that China pursues is one characterized by harmonious coexistence between man and nature. In addition to creating more material and cultural wealth to meet people's increasing needs for a better life, it must also provide more quality ecological goods to meet their growing demands for a beautiful environment.

To foster harmony between man and nature, China will act on the belief that lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets, continue its national policy of conserving resources and protecting the environment, and apply the principles of prioritizing resource conservation and environmental protection and letting nature restore itself. It will pursue a model of sustainable development featuring increased production, higher living standards and healthy ecosystems. It will institute a sound system of institutions for building an ecological civilization, develop eco-friendly growth models and lifestyle, adopt a holistic approach to conserving its mountains, rivers, forests, farmlands, lakes and grasslands, and implement the strictest possible systems for environmental protection. It will continue the Beautiful China initiative so that the people can enjoy pleasant natural landscape, retain their love of nature and have good working and living environments. In this way, China will also play its part in ensuring global ecological security.


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